Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv4 (DHCPv4) is a standard protocol defined by RFC 1541 that allows a server to dynamically distribute IP addressing and configuration information to clients.
DHCP ranges dedicate a portion of a network to DHCP. You can assign deployment options to DHCP ranges to control the exact settings received by clients. DHCP ranges can include or exclude any static addresses that exist on the network and that fall within the DHCP range. DHCP ranges can also create split scopes on Windows servers.