View deployment order and Access Control Lists (ACLs) - BlueCat Address Manager - 9.1.0

Address Manager Administration Guide

prodname
BlueCat Address Manager
version_custom
9.1.0

When working with multiple views, the order of the views is very important. You can view the deployment order of views.

Consider an example with two views:
  • The first view contains data intended for internal clients and is assigned a match clients list of 10.0.0.0/8. Only clients from the 10.0.0.0/8 network receive data from this zone.
  • The second view is intended for external clients and is not assigned a match clients list. When deployed to the server, the view is automatically assigned an ACL of any, and all clients may receive data from this view.

The order of the views on the DNS server determines which clients match which view. If the view with any is ordered first in the list, all clients match against it, and no clients ever match against the second view.

When you deploy such a configuration from Address Manager, the view assigned an ACL of any is always placed last in the configuration. In this way, all clients attempt to match the restricted view first. Clients with IP addresses in the 10.0.0.0/8 network match against the first view, leaving all other clients to match against the second view.

Address Manager deploys multiple views in reverse alphabetical order. Views are also grouped together based on the Match Clients DNS Deployment Option:
  • views with the Match Clients option appear first, arranged in reverse alphabetical order
  • views without the Match Clients option appear second, arranged in reverse alphabetical order.
For example, consider the following views:
  • accounting
  • development
  • external
  • sales
If none of the views have a Match Clients DNS Deployment Option, the views appear in this order:
view "sales"
{ ... };
view "external"
{ ... };
view "development"
{ ... };
view "accounting"
{ ... };
Note: You would not normally create multiple views without setting a Match Clients option for each view. In this example, all of the views will have an ACL of any and all clients will match against the first view in the list.
Now, consider what happens when you apply a Match Clients option to three of the views:
DNS View Match Clients DNS Deployment Option
accounting Match Clients option matches to an IP address range
development Match Clients option matches to an IP address range
external No Match Clients option
sales Match Clients option matches to an IP address range
On deployment, Address Manager groups the views by Match Clients option. Views with Match Clients options appear first, followed by views without Match Clients options. In both groups, the views appear in reverse alphabetical order:
view "sales"
{ ... };
view "development"
{ ... };
view "accounting"
{ ... };
view "external"
{ ... };

For information on how Address Manager deploys classless IPv4 space for reverse zone, refer to How Address Manager deploys classless IPv4 space.