Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv4 (DHCPv4) is a standard protocol defined by RFC 1541 that allows a server to dynamically distribute IP addressing and configuration information to clients.
DHCP ranges dedicate a portion of a network to DHCP. You can assign deployment options to DHCP ranges to control the exact settings received by clients. DHCP ranges can include or exclude any static addresses that exist on the network and that fall within the DHCP range.
Note: Customers needing to configure multiple DHCP ranges with multiple IP service addresses are advised that certain scenarios can impact DHCP service. For more information, refer to DHCP with multiple IP service addresses.